Physiotherapy has major role in treatment and recovery of Back pain It teaches how to condition your body to prevent further injury and help in recovery of painful episode . There are a variety of physical therapy techniques.
Passive and active treatments Passive treatments relax your body and include deep tissue massage, hot and cold therapy, electrical stimulation (TENS), Ultrasound and Hydrotherapy. Active treatment involves active stretching and strengthening exercises trunk stability , core strengthening
1. Passive Treatments :
a. Massage Therapy
Massage is a popular therapy used to relieve muscle tension, spasms, inflammation, fluid retention, aches, stiffness, and pain. Other benefits include improved circulation (blood and lymph), general flexibility, range of motion, and increased tissue elasticity (e.g. scar tissue).
During treatment, the physical therapist may include localized massage (e.g. low back or neck) as a prelude to exercise. Massage increases circulation and warms muscles and other soft tissues (e.g. tendons, ligaments). Other types of massage include full-body massage, which often leaves the patient feeling relaxed and free of anxiety.